Selenium is the most talked about UI testing framework that I could find that was both open source and well supported. We decided to adopt it for our automated UI testing. I have found it to be very useful, albeit with a stiff learning curve. One downside for me is the back and forth between building tests and then waiting for Selenium and the browsers to open and run the tests. It occurred to me I could help alleviate this by having the browsers at the ready and eagerly waiting for the command to start testing. So I reached into my toolbox to grab one of my favorite tools, Node.js. Using Node.js I was able to build an interactive interface with which I can iteratively build my front end tests. Everything I needed was already there, I just had to put pieces together.
$httpBackend is one of the greatest things that AngularJs provides. $httpBackend intercepts AJAX requests made by Angular's $http service to allow for full unit testing. The ngTestHarness helps simplify interactions with the mock backend by abstracting away WHEN and EXPECT differences.
This is the first time I can point to open source code that I took a large part in authoring. I am proud of the project that the very talented Team Titan at Gaikai, a Sony Entertainment Company, has created. While updating/adding unit tests for development and build purposes we became very disenchanted with the complexity required for creating unit tests in Angular.